Four wheel drive bobbycar
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#include <Arduino.h>
/*
Connections:
Tennsy Pin, Pin Name, Connected to
10, Tx2, Hoverboard RX(Green)
9, Rx2, Hoverboard TX(Blue)
8, Tx3, Hoverboard RX(Green)
7, Rx3, Hoverboard TX(Blue)
*/
// ########################## DEFINES ##########################
#define SERIAL_CONTROL_BAUD 115200 // [-] Baud rate for HoverSerial (used to communicate with the hoverboard)
#define SERIAL_BAUD 115200 // [-] Baud rate for built-in Serial (used for the Serial Monitor)
#define START_FRAME 0xABCD // [-] Start frme definition for reliable serial communication
#define SERIAL_LOG_BAUD 115200 // baud rate for logging output
bool log_update=true;
unsigned long last_log_send=0;
#define SENDPERIOD 20 //ms. delay for sending speed and steer data to motor controller via serial
#define LOGMININTERVAL 20 //minimum interval (ms) to send logs
#define LOGMAXINTERVAL 10000 //maximum time (ms) after which data is send
#define WRITE_HEADER_TIME 400 //just before FEEDBACKRECEIVETIMEOUT, so header gets written before error comments
bool log_header_written = false;
#define FEEDBACKRECEIVETIMEOUT 500
bool controllerFront_connected=false;
bool controllerRear_connected=false;
bool controllers_connected=false;
#define PIN_THROTTLE A7
//const uint16_t calib_throttle_min = 420; //better a bit too high than too low
//const uint16_t calib_throttle_max = 790;
const uint16_t failsafe_throttle_min = 20; //if adc value falls below this failsafe is triggered
const uint16_t failsafe_throttle_max = 1000; //if adc value goes above this failsafe is triggered
const uint16_t throttleCurvePerMM[] = {414,460,490,511,527,539,548,555,561,567,573,578,584,590,599,611,630,657,697,754,789,795}; //adc values for every unit (mm) of linear travel
#define PIN_BRAKE A8
const uint16_t calib_brake_min = 100;//better a bit too high than too low
const uint16_t calib_brake_max = 600;
const uint16_t failsafe_brake_min = 20; //if adc value falls below this failsafe is triggered
const uint16_t failsafe_brake_max = 1000; //if adc value goes above this failsafe is triggered
int16_t throttle_pos=0;
int16_t brake_pos=0;
unsigned long last_adcread=0;
#define ADCREADPERIOD 10
uint16_t throttle_raw=0;
uint16_t brake_raw=0;
#define ADC_OUTOFRANGE_TIME 100
unsigned long throttle_ok_time=0;
unsigned long brake_ok_time=0;
bool error_throttle_outofrange=false;
bool error_brake_outofrange=false;
#define REVERSE_ENABLE_TIME 1000 //ms. how long standstill to be able to drive backward
#define REVERSE_SPEED 0.15 //reverse driving speed //0 to 1
#define NORMAL_MAX_ACCELERATION_RATE 10000
#define SLOW_MAX_ACCELERATION_RATE 500
int16_t max_acceleration_rate=NORMAL_MAX_ACCELERATION_RATE; //maximum cmd send increase per second
float meanSpeedms=0;
float trip=0; //trip distance in meters
float wheelcircumference=0.5278; //wheel diameter in m. 8.4cm radius -> 0.084m*2*Pi
float currentConsumed=0; //Ah
//Driving parameters
int16_t minimum_constant_cmd_reduce=1; //reduce cmd every loop by this constant amount when freewheeling/braking
int16_t brake_cmdreduce_proportional=500; //cmd gets reduced by an amount proportional to brake position (ignores freewheeling). cmd_new-=brake_cmdreduce_proportional / second @ full brake. with BREAK_CMDREDUCE_CONSTANT=1000 car would stop with full brake at least after a second (ignoring influence of brake current control/freewheeling)
float startbrakecurrent=3; //Ampere. "targeted brake current @full brake". at what point to start apply brake proportional to brake_pos. for everything above that cmd is reduced by freewheel_break_factor
float startbrakecurrent_offset=0.1; //offset start point for breaking, because of reading fluctuations around 0A. set this slightly above idle current reading
bool reverse_enabled=false;
unsigned long last_notidle=0; //not rolling to fast, no pedal pressed
#define PIN_START A9
#define PIN_LED_START 2 //Enginge start led
#define PIN_LATCH_ENABLE A6
#define PIN_MODE_SWITCH 3
#define PIN_MODE_LEDG 4
#define PIN_MODE_LEDR 5
unsigned long last_send = 0;
unsigned long last_receive = 0;
float filtered_currentAll=0;
int16_t cmd_send=0;
int16_t last_cmd_send=0;
uint8_t speedmode=0;
#define SPEEDMODE_SLOW 1
#define SPEEDMODE_NORMAL 0
unsigned long button_start_lastchange=0;
bool button_start_state=false;
#define LONG_PRESS_ARMING_TIME 2000
#define DEBOUNCE_TIME 50
bool armed = false; //cmd output values forced to 0 if false
// Global variables for serial communication
typedef struct{
uint8_t idx = 0; // Index for new data pointer
uint16_t bufStartFrame; // Buffer Start Frame
byte *p; // Pointer declaration for the new received data
byte incomingByte;
byte incomingBytePrev;
long lastValidDataSerial_time;
} SerialRead;
SerialRead SerialcomFront;
SerialRead SerialcomRear;
typedef struct{
uint16_t start;
int16_t speedLeft;
int16_t speedRight;
uint16_t checksum;
} SerialCommand;
SerialCommand CommandFront;
SerialCommand CommandRear;
typedef struct{ //match this struct to hoverboard-firmware SerialFeedback struct in main.c
uint16_t start;
int16_t cmd1;
int16_t cmd2;
int16_t speedL_meas; //left speed is positive when driving forward
int16_t speedR_meas; //right speed is negatie when driving forward
int16_t batVoltage;
int16_t boardTemp;
int16_t curL_DC; //negative values are current consumed. positive values mean generated current
int16_t curR_DC;
uint16_t cmdLed;
uint16_t checksum;
} SerialFeedback;
SerialFeedback FeedbackFront;
SerialFeedback NewFeedbackFront;
SerialFeedback FeedbackRear;
SerialFeedback NewFeedbackRear;
#define CURRENT_FILTER_SIZE 60 //latency is about CURRENT_FILTER_SIZE/2*MEASURE_INTERVAL (measure interval is defined by hoverboard controller)
#define CURRENT_MEANVALUECOUNT 20 //0<= meanvaluecount < CURRENT_FILTER_SIZE/2. how many values will be used from sorted weight array from the center region. abour double this values reading are used
typedef struct{
int16_t curL_DC[CURRENT_FILTER_SIZE] = {0}; //current will be inverted for this so positive value means consumed current
int16_t curR_DC[CURRENT_FILTER_SIZE] = {0};
uint8_t cur_pos=0;
int16_t cmdL=0;
int16_t cmdR=0;
float filtered_curL=0;
float filtered_curR=0;
unsigned long millis=0; //time when last message received
} MotorParameter;
MotorParameter motorparamsFront;
MotorParameter motorparamsRear;
void SendSerial(SerialCommand &scom, int16_t uSpeedLeft, int16_t uSpeedRight, HardwareSerial &SerialRef);
bool ReceiveSerial(SerialRead &sread, SerialFeedback &Feedback,SerialFeedback &NewFeedback, HardwareSerial &SerialRef);
int sort_desc(const void *cmp1, const void *cmp2);
float filterMedian(int16_t* values);
void writeLogHeader(HardwareSerial &SerialRef);
void writeLog(HardwareSerial &SerialRef, unsigned long time, MotorParameter &mpfront, MotorParameter &mprear, SerialFeedback &fbfront, SerialFeedback &fbrear, float currentAll, int16_t throttle, int16_t brake);
void writeLogComment(HardwareSerial &SerialRef, String msg);
void readADC();
void failChecks();
void sendCMD();
void checkLog();
void updateMotorparams( MotorParameter &mp, SerialFeedback &fb);
void leds();
void readButtons();
uint16_t linearizeThrottle(uint16_t v);
#include <TimeLib.h> //for teensy rtc
time_t getTeensy3Time();
void SendSerial(SerialCommand &scom, int16_t uSpeedLeft, int16_t uSpeedRight, HardwareSerial &SerialRef)
{
// Create command
scom.start = (uint16_t)START_FRAME;
scom.speedLeft = (int16_t)uSpeedLeft;
scom.speedRight = (int16_t)uSpeedRight;
scom.checksum = (uint16_t)(scom.start ^ scom.speedLeft ^ scom.speedRight);
SerialRef.write((uint8_t *) &scom, sizeof(scom));
}
bool ReceiveSerial(SerialRead &sread, SerialFeedback &Feedback,SerialFeedback &NewFeedback, HardwareSerial &SerialRef)
{
bool _result=1;
// Check for new data availability in the Serial buffer
if ( SerialRef.available() ) {
sread.incomingByte = SerialRef.read(); // Read the incoming byte
sread.bufStartFrame = ((uint16_t)(sread.incomingByte) << 8) | sread.incomingBytePrev; // Construct the start frame
}
else {
return 0;
}
// If DEBUG_RX is defined print all incoming bytes
#ifdef DEBUG_RX
Serial.print(sread.incomingByte);
#endif
// Copy received data
if (sread.bufStartFrame == START_FRAME) { // Initialize if new data is detected
sread.p = (byte *)&NewFeedback;
*sread.p++ = sread.incomingBytePrev;
*sread.p++ = sread.incomingByte;
sread.idx = 2;
} else if (sread.idx >= 2 && sread.idx < sizeof(SerialFeedback)) { // Save the new received data
*sread.p++ = sread.incomingByte;
sread.idx++;
}
// Check if we reached the end of the package
if (sread.idx == sizeof(SerialFeedback)) {
uint16_t checksum;
checksum = (uint16_t)(NewFeedback.start ^ NewFeedback.cmd1 ^ NewFeedback.cmd2
^ NewFeedback.speedR_meas ^ NewFeedback.speedL_meas ^ NewFeedback.batVoltage ^ NewFeedback.boardTemp ^ NewFeedback.curL_DC ^ NewFeedback.curR_DC ^ NewFeedback.cmdLed);
// Check validity of the new data
if (NewFeedback.start == START_FRAME && checksum == NewFeedback.checksum) {
// Copy the new data
memcpy(&Feedback, &NewFeedback, sizeof(SerialFeedback));
sread.lastValidDataSerial_time = millis();
} else {
_result=0;
}
sread.idx = 0; // Reset the index (it prevents to enter in this if condition in the next cycle)
}
/*
// Print data to built-in Serial
Serial.print("1: "); Serial.print(Feedback.cmd1);
Serial.print(" 2: "); Serial.print(Feedback.cmd2);
Serial.print(" 3: "); Serial.print(Feedback.speedR);
Serial.print(" 4: "); Serial.print(Feedback.speedL);
Serial.print(" 5: "); Serial.print(Feedback.speedR_meas);
Serial.print(" 6: "); Serial.print(Feedback.speedL_meas);
Serial.print(" 7: "); Serial.print(Feedback.batVoltage);
Serial.print(" 8: "); Serial.println(Feedback.boardTemp);
} else {
Serial.println("Non-valid data skipped");
}*/
// Update previous states
sread.incomingBytePrev = sread.incomingByte;
return _result; //new data was available
}
// ########################## SETUP ##########################
void setup()
{
Serial.begin(SERIAL_BAUD); //Debug and Program
Serial1.begin(SERIAL_LOG_BAUD); //TX1=1, RX1=0
Serial2.begin(SERIAL_CONTROL_BAUD); //control, TX2=10, RX2=9
Serial3.begin(SERIAL_CONTROL_BAUD); //control, TX3=8, RX3=7
pinMode(PIN_THROTTLE, INPUT);
pinMode(PIN_BRAKE, INPUT);
pinMode(PIN_START, INPUT_PULLUP); //Pressed=High
pinMode(PIN_LED_START, OUTPUT); //Active High
pinMode(PIN_MODE_LEDG, OUTPUT); //Active Low
digitalWrite(PIN_MODE_LEDG,LOW);
pinMode(PIN_MODE_LEDR, OUTPUT); //Active Low
digitalWrite(PIN_MODE_LEDR,LOW);
pinMode(PIN_LATCH_ENABLE, OUTPUT);
digitalWrite(PIN_LATCH_ENABLE,HIGH); //latch on
pinMode(PIN_MODE_SWITCH, INPUT_PULLUP);
setSyncProvider(getTeensy3Time); //See https://www.pjrc.com/teensy/td_libs_Time.html#teensy3
if (timeStatus()!= timeSet) {
Serial.println("Unable to sync with the RTC");
} else {
Serial.println("RTC has set the system time");
}
}
unsigned long loopmillis;
// ########################## LOOP ##########################
void loop() {
loopmillis=millis(); //read millis for this cycle
bool newData2=ReceiveSerial(SerialcomFront,FeedbackFront, NewFeedbackFront, Serial2);
bool newData3=ReceiveSerial(SerialcomRear,FeedbackRear, NewFeedbackRear, Serial3);
if (newData2) {
updateMotorparams(motorparamsFront,FeedbackFront);
}
if (newData3) {
updateMotorparams(motorparamsRear,FeedbackRear);
}
if (loopmillis - last_adcread > ADCREADPERIOD) { //read teensy adc and filter
last_adcread=loopmillis;
readADC();
readButtons();
}
failChecks();
if (loopmillis - last_send > SENDPERIOD) { //Calculate motor stuff and send to motor controllers
last_send=loopmillis;
sendCMD();
//Update speed and trip
float _meanRPM=(FeedbackFront.speedL_meas-FeedbackFront.speedR_meas+FeedbackRear.speedL_meas-FeedbackRear.speedR_meas)/4.0;
meanSpeedms=_meanRPM*wheelcircumference/60.0; // Units: 1/min * m / 60s
trip+=abs(meanSpeedms)* (SENDPERIOD/1000.0);
//mah consumed
currentConsumed += (motorparamsFront.filtered_curL+motorparamsFront.filtered_curR+motorparamsRear.filtered_curL+motorparamsRear.filtered_curR)* (SENDPERIOD/1000.0)/3600.0; //amp hours
}
//If needed write log to serial port
checkLog();
leds();
}
// ##### HELPFUNCTIONS
time_t getTeensy3Time()
{
return Teensy3Clock.get();
}
int sort_desc(const void *cmp1, const void *cmp2) //compare function for qsort
{
float a = *((float *)cmp1);
float b = *((float *)cmp2);
return a > b ? -1 : (a < b ? 1 : 0);
}
float filterMedian(int16_t* values) {
float copied_values[CURRENT_FILTER_SIZE];
for(int i=0;i<CURRENT_FILTER_SIZE;i++) {
copied_values[i] = values[i]; //TODO: maybe some value filtering/selection here
}
float copied_values_length = sizeof(copied_values) / sizeof(copied_values[0]);
qsort(copied_values, copied_values_length, sizeof(copied_values[0]), sort_desc);
float mean=copied_values[CURRENT_FILTER_SIZE/2];
for (uint8_t i=1; i<=CURRENT_MEANVALUECOUNT;i++) {
mean+=copied_values[CURRENT_FILTER_SIZE/2-i]+copied_values[CURRENT_FILTER_SIZE/2+i]; //add two values around center
}
mean/=(1+CURRENT_MEANVALUECOUNT*2);
return mean;
}
void writeLogInfo(HardwareSerial &SerialRef) { //first line of file
SerialRef.print("#TIMESTAMP:");
SerialRef.println(now());
}
void writeLogHeader(HardwareSerial &SerialRef) {
SerialRef.print("time,cmd_FrontL,cmd_FrontR,cmd_RearL,cmd_RearR,");
SerialRef.print("current_FrontL,current_FrontR,current_RearL,current_RearR,");
SerialRef.print("rpm_FrontL,rpm_FrontR,rpm_RearL,rpm_RearR,");
SerialRef.print("temp_Front,temp_Rear,vbat_Front,vbat_Rear,");
SerialRef.println("currentAll,throttle,brake,speed,trip,currentConsumed");
}
void writeLog(HardwareSerial &SerialRef, unsigned long time, MotorParameter &mpfront, MotorParameter &mprear, SerialFeedback &fbfront, SerialFeedback &fbrear, float currentAll, int16_t throttle, int16_t brake)
{
SerialRef.print(time/1000.0,3); SerialRef.print(","); //time in seconds
SerialRef.print(mpfront.cmdL); SerialRef.print(",");
SerialRef.print(mpfront.cmdR); SerialRef.print(",");
SerialRef.print(mprear.cmdL); SerialRef.print(",");
SerialRef.print(mprear.cmdR); SerialRef.print(",");
SerialRef.print(mpfront.filtered_curL,3); SerialRef.print(",");
SerialRef.print(mpfront.filtered_curR,3); SerialRef.print(",");
SerialRef.print(mprear.filtered_curL,3); SerialRef.print(",");
SerialRef.print(mprear.filtered_curR,3); SerialRef.print(",");
SerialRef.print(fbfront.speedL_meas); SerialRef.print(","); //invert speed, because left wheels are negated
SerialRef.print(-fbfront.speedR_meas); SerialRef.print(",");
SerialRef.print(fbrear.speedL_meas); SerialRef.print(","); //invert speed, because left wheels are negated
SerialRef.print(-fbrear.speedR_meas); SerialRef.print(",");
SerialRef.print(fbfront.boardTemp/10.0,1); SerialRef.print(","); //in degC
SerialRef.print(fbrear.boardTemp/10.0,1); SerialRef.print(","); //in degC
SerialRef.print(fbfront.batVoltage/100.0); SerialRef.print(","); //in V
SerialRef.print(fbrear.batVoltage/100.0); SerialRef.print(","); //in V
SerialRef.print(currentAll,3); SerialRef.print(",");
SerialRef.print(throttle); SerialRef.print(",");
SerialRef.print(brake); SerialRef.print(",");
SerialRef.print(meanSpeedms); SerialRef.print(","); // m/s
SerialRef.print(trip); SerialRef.print(","); //in m
SerialRef.print(currentConsumed,3); SerialRef.println(); //in Ah (Amphours)
}
void writeLogComment(HardwareSerial &SerialRef, unsigned long time, String msg)
{
SerialRef.print("#"); SerialRef.print(time/1000.0,3); SerialRef.print(","); SerialRef.print(msg); SerialRef.println();
}
// #### LOOPFUNCTIONS
void readADC() {
throttle_raw = analogRead(PIN_THROTTLE);
//maps throttle curve to be linear
throttle_pos=max(0,min(1000,linearizeThrottle(throttle_raw))); //map and constrain
brake_raw = analogRead(PIN_BRAKE);
brake_pos=max(0,min(1000,map(brake_raw,calib_brake_min,calib_brake_max,0,1000))); //map and constrain
//brake_pos = (int16_t)(pow((brake_pos/1000.0),2)*1000);
if (throttle_pos>0 || meanSpeedms>0.5 || (!reverse_enabled && brake_pos>0)) { //reset idle time on these conditions (disables reverse driving)
last_notidle=loopmillis;
reverse_enabled=false;
}
if (loopmillis-last_notidle > REVERSE_ENABLE_TIME) {
reverse_enabled=true;
}
int16_t throttlebreak_pos = throttle_pos-brake_pos*2; //reduce throttle_when applying brake
throttle_pos=constrain(throttlebreak_pos,0,1000);
brake_pos=constrain(-throttlebreak_pos/2,0,1000); //rescale brake value from throttlebreak_pos
//Serial.print(throttle_raw); Serial.print(", "); Serial.print(brake_raw); Serial.print(", ");
//Serial.print(throttle_pos); Serial.print(", "); Serial.print(brake_pos); Serial.println();
if (digitalRead(PIN_MODE_SWITCH)) { //pushed in, also high if cable got disconnected
if (speedmode!=SPEEDMODE_SLOW) {
speedmode=SPEEDMODE_SLOW;
max_acceleration_rate=SLOW_MAX_ACCELERATION_RATE;
if (loopmillis>WRITE_HEADER_TIME) {
writeLogComment(Serial1,loopmillis, "Mode switched to SPEEDMODE_SLOW");
}
}
}else{ //button not pushed in
if (speedmode!=SPEEDMODE_NORMAL) {
speedmode=SPEEDMODE_NORMAL;
max_acceleration_rate=NORMAL_MAX_ACCELERATION_RATE;
if (loopmillis>WRITE_HEADER_TIME) {
writeLogComment(Serial1,loopmillis, "Mode switched to SPEEDMODE_NORMAL");
}
}
}
if (speedmode==SPEEDMODE_SLOW) {
throttle_pos/=2;
}
}
void failChecks() {
if ( loopmillis > motorparamsFront.millis+FEEDBACKRECEIVETIMEOUT ) { //controller disconnected
if (controllerFront_connected) { //just got disconnected
controllerFront_connected=false;
writeLogComment(Serial1,loopmillis, "Controller Front feedback timeout");
}
}else if(!controllerFront_connected && loopmillis > FEEDBACKRECEIVETIMEOUT) { //not timeouted but was before
controllerFront_connected=true;
writeLogComment(Serial1,loopmillis, "Controller Front connected");
}
if ( loopmillis > motorparamsRear.millis+FEEDBACKRECEIVETIMEOUT ) { //controller disconnected
if (controllerRear_connected) { //just got disconnected
controllerRear_connected=false;
writeLogComment(Serial1,loopmillis, "Controller Rear feedback timeout");
}
}else if(!controllerRear_connected && loopmillis > FEEDBACKRECEIVETIMEOUT) { //not timeouted but was before
controllerRear_connected=true;
writeLogComment(Serial1,loopmillis, "Controller Rear connected");
}
controllers_connected=controllerFront_connected & controllerRear_connected;
//ADC Range Check
if ((throttle_raw >= failsafe_throttle_min) & (throttle_raw <= failsafe_throttle_max)) { //inside safe range (to check if wire got disconnected)
throttle_ok_time=loopmillis;
}
if (loopmillis>throttle_ok_time+ADC_OUTOFRANGE_TIME) { //not ok for too long
if (!error_throttle_outofrange) {
error_throttle_outofrange=true;
writeLogComment(Serial1,loopmillis, "Error Throttle ADC Out of Range");
}
}
if ((brake_raw >= failsafe_brake_min) & (brake_raw <= failsafe_brake_max)) { //outside safe range. maybe wire got disconnected
brake_ok_time=loopmillis;
}
if (loopmillis>brake_ok_time+ADC_OUTOFRANGE_TIME) { //not ok for too long
if(!error_brake_outofrange) {
error_brake_outofrange=true;
writeLogComment(Serial1,loopmillis, "Error Brake ADC Out of Range");
}
}
if (!controllers_connected || error_brake_outofrange || error_throttle_outofrange) { //any errors?
throttle_pos=0;
brake_pos=0;
}
}
void sendCMD() {
/* ## FOR REFERENCE:
int16_t minimum_constant_cmd_reduce=1; //reduce cmd every loop by this constant amount when freewheeling/braking
int16_t brake_cmdreduce_proportional=100; //cmd gets reduced by an amount proportional to brake position (ignores freewheeling). cmd_new-=brake_cmdreduce_proportional / second @ full brake. with BREAK_CMDREDUCE_CONSTANT=1000 car would stop with full brake at least after a second (ignoring influence of brake current control/freewheeling)
float startbrakecurrent=3; //Ampere. "targeted brake current @full brake". at what point to start apply brake proportional to brake_pos. for everything above that cmd is reduced by freewheel_break_factor
float startbrakecurrent_offset=0.1; //offset start point for breaking, because of reading fluctuations around 0A. set this slightly above idle current reading
*/
int16_t brake_pos_expo = (int16_t)(pow((brake_pos/1000.0),2)*1000);
float brakepedal_current_multiplier=startbrakecurrent/1000.0; //how much breaking (in Ampere) for unit of brake_pos (0<=brake_pos<=1000)
int16_t cmdreduce_constant=map(brake_pos_expo,0,1000,0,(int16_t)(brake_cmdreduce_proportional*SENDPERIOD/1000)); //reduce cmd value every cycle
float freewheel_current=startbrakecurrent_offset-brake_pos_expo*brakepedal_current_multiplier; //above which driving current cmd send will be reduced more. increase value to decrease breaking. values <0 increases breaking above freewheeling
float freewheel_break_factor=500.0; //speed cmd units per amp per second. 1A over freewheel_current decreases cmd speed by this amount (on average)
motorparamsFront.filtered_curL=filterMedian(motorparamsFront.curL_DC)/50.0; //in Amps
motorparamsFront.filtered_curR=filterMedian(motorparamsFront.curR_DC)/50.0; //in Amps
motorparamsRear.filtered_curL=filterMedian(motorparamsRear.curL_DC)/50.0; //in Amps
motorparamsRear.filtered_curR=filterMedian(motorparamsRear.curR_DC)/50.0; //in Amps
float filtered_currentFront=max(motorparamsFront.filtered_curL,motorparamsFront.filtered_curR);
float filtered_currentRear=max(motorparamsRear.filtered_curL,motorparamsRear.filtered_curR);
filtered_currentAll=max(filtered_currentFront,filtered_currentRear); //positive value is current Drawn from battery. negative value is braking current
if (throttle_pos>=last_cmd_send) { //accelerating
cmd_send += constrain(throttle_pos-cmd_send,0,max_acceleration_rate*SENDPERIOD/1000); //if throttle higher than last applied value, apply throttle directly
}else{ //freewheeling or braking
if (filtered_currentAll>freewheel_current) { //drive current too high
cmd_send-= max(0, (filtered_currentAll-freewheel_current)*freewheel_break_factor*(SENDPERIOD/1000.0)); //how much current over freewheel current, multiplied by factor. reduces cmd_send value
}
cmd_send-=max(minimum_constant_cmd_reduce,cmdreduce_constant); //reduce slowly anyways
}
cmd_send=constrain(cmd_send,0,1000);
last_cmd_send=cmd_send;
int16_t cmd_send_toMotor=constrain(cmd_send* (1.0-(brake_pos*0.5/1000.0) ) ,0,1000); //brake "ducking"
if (reverse_enabled) {
cmd_send_toMotor-=brake_pos*REVERSE_SPEED;
}
if (!controllers_connected || !armed) { //controllers not connected or not armed
cmd_send=0;
cmd_send_toMotor=0; //safety off
}
//apply throttle command to all motors
motorparamsFront.cmdL=cmd_send_toMotor;
motorparamsFront.cmdR=cmd_send_toMotor;
motorparamsRear.cmdL=cmd_send_toMotor;
motorparamsRear.cmdR=cmd_send_toMotor;
if (controllers_connected) {
SendSerial(CommandFront,motorparamsFront.cmdL,motorparamsFront.cmdR,Serial2);
SendSerial(CommandRear,motorparamsRear.cmdL,motorparamsRear.cmdR,Serial3);
log_update=true;
//Serial.print(cmd_send); Serial.print(", "); Serial.print(throttle_pos); Serial.print(", "); Serial.print(filtered_curFL*1000); Serial.print(", "); Serial.print(filtered_curFR*1000); Serial.print(", "); Serial.print(filtered_currentAll*1000); Serial.println()
}/*else if(loopmillis>last_log_send+LOGMININTERVAL){
//Serial.print(throttle_raw); Serial.println();
Serial.print(linearizeThrottle(throttle_raw)); Serial.println();
last_log_send=loopmillis;
}*/
}
void checkLog() {
if (!log_header_written && loopmillis>=WRITE_HEADER_TIME){ //write header for log file after logger booted up
writeLogInfo(Serial1);
writeLogHeader(Serial1);
log_header_written=true;
}
if (log_header_written && ( (log_update && loopmillis>last_log_send+LOGMININTERVAL) || loopmillis>last_log_send+LOGMAXINTERVAL) ) {
last_log_send=loopmillis;
log_update=false;
writeLog(Serial1,loopmillis, motorparamsFront,motorparamsRear, FeedbackFront, FeedbackRear, filtered_currentAll, throttle_pos, brake_pos);
}
}
void updateMotorparams( MotorParameter &mp, SerialFeedback &fb) {
mp.cur_pos++;
mp.cur_pos%=CURRENT_FILTER_SIZE;
mp.curL_DC[mp.cur_pos] = -fb.curL_DC; //invert so positive current is consumed current. negative then means regenerated
mp.curR_DC[mp.cur_pos] = -fb.curR_DC;
mp.millis=loopmillis;
log_update=true;
}
void leds() {
//Start LED
if (!armed) { //disarmed
digitalWrite(PIN_LED_START,((loopmillis/1000)%2 == 0)); //high is on for LED_START. blink every second. loopmillis 0 - 1000 led is on.
}else{ //armed
digitalWrite(PIN_LED_START,HIGH); //LED On
}
if (speedmode==SPEEDMODE_SLOW) {
digitalWrite(PIN_MODE_LEDG,LOW); //Green, low is on
digitalWrite(PIN_MODE_LEDR,HIGH);
}else if (speedmode==SPEEDMODE_NORMAL) {
digitalWrite(PIN_MODE_LEDG,HIGH);
digitalWrite(PIN_MODE_LEDR,LOW); //Red
}
}
void readButtons() {
if (loopmillis > button_start_lastchange+DEBOUNCE_TIME) { //wait some time after last change
if (digitalRead(PIN_START) && !button_start_state) { //start engine button pressed and was not pressed before
button_start_state=true; //pressed
button_start_lastchange=loopmillis; //save time for debouncing
}else if (!digitalRead(PIN_START) && button_start_state) { //released an was pressed before
button_start_state=false; // not pressed
button_start_lastchange=loopmillis; //save time for debouncing
}
}
if (button_start_state) { //pressed
if ( (loopmillis> button_start_lastchange + LONG_PRESS_ARMING_TIME)) { //pressed long
if (throttle_pos<=0 && brake_pos<=0 && controllers_connected && !armed) { //brake or thottle not pressed, controllers connected
armed=true; //arm if button pressed long enough
writeLogComment(Serial1,loopmillis, "Armed by button");
}
}else if (armed){ //not pressed long enough and is armed
armed=false; //disarm
writeLogComment(Serial1,loopmillis, "Disarmed by button");
}
}
}
uint16_t linearizeThrottle(uint16_t v) {
//input is raw adc value from hall sensor
//uses throttleCurvePerMM array to find linear approximation of actual throttle travel
//array has to be sorted !
uint8_t _searchpos=0;
uint8_t arraysize = sizeof(throttleCurvePerMM)/sizeof(throttleCurvePerMM[0]);
while (_searchpos < arraysize && v>throttleCurvePerMM[_searchpos]) { //find arraypos with value above input value
_searchpos++; //try next value
}
if (_searchpos <=0) { //lower limit
return 0;
}
if (_searchpos >= arraysize) { //upper limit
return 1000;
}
uint16_t nextLower=throttleCurvePerMM[_searchpos-1];
uint16_t nextHigher=throttleCurvePerMM[_searchpos];
float _linearThrottle = _searchpos+map(v*1.0,nextLower,nextHigher,0.0,1.0);
_linearThrottle/=arraysize; //scale to 0-1
_linearThrottle*=1000; //scale to 0-1000
return (uint16_t)_linearThrottle;
}